|Advantages of AGV Automatic Guided Vehicles, AMR Autonomous Mobile Robots
Reduces labor expenses-salaries,benefits,bonuses, paid leaves, medical support, insurance,etc.
Quick ROI. Greater availability-efficiency. Low maintenance-energy and up keep costs.
Reducing costs. Add vehicles as need grows. Mixed traffic of AGV and people possible.
Less vehicles needed. Can be prepositioned-routed in advance for operation -reduced cycle time.
Avoids accidents-damages that can be caused by human errors-fatigue-distractions- rash driving.
Increased workplace safety. Controlled speeds, gentle handling-loading-unloading of goods.
Can work with hazardous items, extreme temperatures, move heavy materials effortlessly.
AGVs are tangible assets that can be monetized. Fixed automation systems eg conveyors are inflexible, require careful planning, more installation time, costly to replace once implemented.
Less expensive, low startup time, can easily adapt to change in processes, products, workflows.
With WMS-ERP can help track inventory, reduce inventory costs, order depleting stocks in time.
|AGV Automatic Guided Vehicles||AMR Autonomous Mobile Robots|
|AGVs operate by following fixed routes within a facility. Are typically guided by devices in the floor (wires, magnets, or tape) or lasers mounted on the vehicle using reflectors mounted throughout the operating area. Onboard sensors are used primarily to identify obstacles, stop to avoid collision.||AMRs do not follow a pre-set route or tracks, utilize a complex set of onboard sensors and maps in order to interpret environment, dynamically create their own efficient path from point A to B within a facility.|
|AGV’s fixed path designs require a fair amount of time and cost to change.||Relatively easy to adjust task to perform or zone they service within a facility. AMRs less expensive, easily deployed, do not require major infrastructure changes.|
|The hardware and software usually need to be customized by the manufacturer. There could be physical limitations caused by the building or equipment within the building.||Their navigation technology, inherently, does not require much time and cost to change the available paths or P&D points.|
|AGVs better suited for operations that do not experience much change – mature businesses following traditional routes.||AMRs is a better choice for younger, more agile businesses that regularly experience change.|
|AGVs are used to handle larger and/or heavy, loads that may need to be lifted. Hence AGVs are often much larger which may require wider aisles.||AMRs have been built for tasks that require less heavy-duty capability. Their small footprints help navigate narrower aisles, maneuver tight corners, etc.|
|AGVs best suited to work independently of human operators. Most are simply too bulky and rigid to work in a collaborative setting like order picking.||AMRs are designed to be collaborative with operators. Their sensors, relatively compact size make them convenient not only for moving products, but also for tasks like order picking.|
|Laser-guided systems require a straight line of site to each reflector. If line of site obstructed by an (equipment or building) certain paths and Pickup & Drop Off (P&Ds) points may not be possible.|